Celts culture has always fascinated for its many aspects, often little known due to the scarce literature sources attributable exclusively to Latin scholars. In this paper we want to deepen the theme of the Celtic life after death, the immortality of the soul and reincarnation. Caesar, in his De Bello Gallico, argued that “the essential point of the Druidic doctrine is to believe in the immortality of the soul” and added that the Druids “teach that after death it passes into other bodies” in a sort of ” soul transmigration“. Pomponio Mela, in the oldest geographical work of Latin literature, De Chorographia, reiterated this concept: “the only dogma that they [the Druids] taught publicly is the immortality of the soul and the existence of another life“. Diodorus Siculus, in his Historical, took up this theme again, combining the Druid doctrine with the Pythagorean one “… among the Gauls the dogma of Pythagoras prevailed according to which it is a fact that the souls of men are immortal and that after a certain number of years some come back to life entering another body …“.
In reality this idea is not completely correct.